A daily newspaper is a publication that is published on a regular basis. Most newspapers are businesses, and their expenses are paid for with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising (other businesses or individuals pay to place ads in the newspaper, either through display or classified advertisements). The financial independence of a newspaper is an important issue, because it influences the level of editorial independence. Newspapers that have high editorial independence, and which are considered to be of high journalism quality, often have large circulation, and are viewed as newspapers of record.
Many newspapers are general-interest, covering national and international news; political events and personalities; business and finance; crime, weather, and natural disasters; science, technology, computers, and the arts; sports; society, fashion, food and cooking; clothing and home fashion; and entertainment. Some are specialized in particular fields, such as law and the military; others may focus on specific demographic groups, such as women or children.
Daily newspapers are usually distributed to a broad market, including the entire city or region. They are subsidized by advertisers, and in some cases by the government. The subsidized versions of newspapers are known as freebies, because they are given away for free. Some of the freebies are delivered to households that have a low income or have little access to other media sources.
Some newspapers are aimed at narrow markets, such as business people in a specific country or region; sports fans; or specific immigrant groups within a community. Others are aimed at more specialized markets, such as gay communities or indie rock enthusiasts in a city or region.
The New York Daily News was founded in 1919 and was the first successful tabloid newspaper in the United States. It attracted readers with its brawny metro coverage of crime and corruption, lurid photographs, and cartoons and entertainment features. In its 20th-century heyday it was one of the largest-selling newspapers in the world, but its circulation has since declined considerably. It is still a highly respected newspaper, having won several Pulitzer Prizes for commentary and feature writing.
Its original headquarters, located at 220 East 42nd Street near Second Avenue, was an official city and national landmark designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. The building was used as the model for the Daily Planet in the first two Superman movies. The paper moved to 450 West 33rd Street, also known as 5 Manhattan West, in 1995.
The Yale Daily News is the oldest college daily in the United States, and is printed every day that the University is in session. It is a forum for public debate, and alumni of the paper have gone on to careers in politics and other fields. Its staff consists of undergraduate and graduate students, and the newspaper is edited and written by students. In addition to its traditional weekly News-2-You edition, the Yale Daily News publishes a Breaking News story each day that supports reading standards for informational text.